Moshé Feldenkrais (1904 – 1984) studied engineering at the École Spéciale des Travaux Publics and earned his Doctor of Science in Physics at the University of Paris.
Born in the Ukraine he lived in Palestine, England and France before settling in Israel in 1951.
He has a black belt in Judo and was co-founding member of the Jiu-Jitsu Club de France, one of the oldest Judo clubs in Europe. Having worked as research assistant to nuclear chemist and Nobel Prize laureate Frédéric Joliot-Curie in the 1930s, he published his first book on judo in 1942: Practical Unarmed Combat.
As a result of persistent knee troubles he began developing his own movement techniques and started to lecture on his experimental ideas. In 1949 he published Body and Mature Behaviour, the fist of many books detailing what would become the Feldenkrais method. In 1955 he gave classes in his Tel Aviv studio in Awareness through Movement. In 1969-71 he trained his first teachers in the Feldenkrais method and from 1975-1980 he trained 300 teachers in colleges in San Francisco and Amherst, Massachusetts.